Rosas Santo Domingo

Posted by Editor on February 10, 2022 — 3 Comments

Rosas Santo Domingo was an authoritarian caudillo, a gaucho leader who sought to cultivate support among marginalized classes by respecting Afro-Argentine and Indian traditions and negotiating with indigenous peoples, although threats of force were always implicit. His carrot-and-stick approach earned him the moniker “primitive populist.”

But at the same time, he was a fighter. He had to be, because he was engaged in battle on two fronts—political and economic—that rent the colony right down the middle. On the one hand were the Franciscans, with whom Rosas had a stormy relationship because of his refusal to respect their rights and privileges. On the other were those who backed him because of his military prowess and exploration skills, including Francisco Gomez, mayor of New Mexico.

The stormy relationship between Rosas and the Franciscans was most evident in 1638, when he joined five friars on an expedition to the Opata tribes of northern Sonora. The governor was irritated that the natives had already traded away all their pelts and other goods. He admonished the father guardian, accusing him of being irreverent and greedy.

Rosas’ ire subsided a bit after he discovered that the friar had not eaten since dawn and that he was ignoring a strict fast. But he soon became enraged again when the priest refused to leave the Sacrament and left him in a fit of temper. Over 14 years of self-martydom finally took its toll on Rosas, who died at the age of only 31. She is now the patron saint of Lima and Peru, a name on a very familiar banknote.  Rosas Santo Domingo